In the 18th century, British rulers adopted the name ‘Barmer’ for the region. The name Barmer was derived from the ruler Bahad Rao Parmar who ruled the place in the 13th century.
According to Census 2011, the population of Barmer district was calculated to be 26,03,751. At that time, the number of males contributing to the population was 13,69,022 and the number of females was 12,34,729. 22% of the district population comprised of children of age 0-6 years. The literacy rate was found to be 56.53% out of which 70% of the male population was literate and 40% of the females were literate.
Barmer is famous for its historic monuments and the temples which are located in the region. Barmer city houses number of such temples which attract tourists from all over the country. The city is very famous for the temple of Goddess Jagdambe. It is an ancient temple and the archaeologists suggest that the temple is as old as 500 years. The Jagdambe Mata temple is located at a height of around 140 m above plain land.
Another temple worth a visit is the old ‘Chintamani Parshvanath Jain’ temple which is believed to be one of the oldest Jain temples of the area. It was built by Shri Nemaji Jivaji Bohra in the 16th century. Like Jagdambe temple, it is also built on a hill-top at a height of 46 m above ground level. The temple is similar to the ‘Gaudi Parshvanath’ temple in Mumbai.
At a distance of around 12 km from the main city of Barmer lies the remains of Juna Fort which was built in the 16th century. The place houses three ancient Jain temples. Archaeologists found an inscription from 1295 AD on one of the pillars of the Jain temples. The inscription suggests that the place was occupied by people who used to follow Jain community at that time. Gradually they shifted to Barmer city. It is also believed that at that time, Maharajakula Sri Samantha Sinha Deva was the ruler of Barmer.
Keradu was the headquarters of Barmer district previously. It was attacked by Mohammad Ghori in 1140 AD and he destroyed all the temples of the region. In the north-west of Barmer city, there is a temple of Lord Shiva in Keradu. It is believed that the famous temple was built in the 6th century while the region was under the rule of Parmar dynasty. There is a famous Lord Sun temple in this region as well and a few more temples which are golden in colour. The Lord Sun temple of the region is also known as ‘Khajuraho of Rajasthan’. These temples are in ruins now.
Barmer is also famous for the cattle fair (Tilwara) which is organised every year. The place is also renowned for camel milk, hand block printing, woollen industries, carved wooden furniture and handicrafts.
The major festival of the region is the Thar festival which is organised every year by the government to attract more and more tourists to the region. The festival is organised in the month of March every year.